Russell Cave National Monument - Cave shelter site, United States of America

General Attributes
Project NameRussell Cave National Monument - Cave shelter site
CountryUnited States of America
Spatial DataComing Soon
Point Cloud Viewer
Data Bounds (approx.)

Data Types

Data Type Size Device Name Device Type
LiDAR - TerrestrialN/A GBFaro Focus X330 Phase Based Laser Scanner
Site DescriptionRussell Cave, in northeastern Alabama, is one of only seven National Monument sites that were created specifically for the protection of caves. The cave has considerable archeological deposits, with a long period of human occupation that spanned at least 9,000 years. It is one of the oldest rock shelters in the eastern United States, and is an important part of our nation's National Park System. The rock shelter was created from a sinkhole collapse that formed the shelter, today measuring approximately 30 by 60 meters. The shelter area has a streambed that forms part of the cave floor, and suffers from erosional impacts especially along areas of the shelter walls.
Project DescriptionOver the course of the last few decades, erosion at this cave has increased with several feet of debris including rock, sand, and silt from upstream deposits making their way into the dry creek stream bed associated with this cave system. Land management practices further upstream and beyond park boundaries, such as timber harvesting, are impactful and accelerate these erosion processes. Serious undercutting continues to occur at the cave entrance, as well as erosion that has occurred within the shelter floor and along the walls, with potential loss and impact to archeological materials. Using a combination of survey strategies including terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and imaging techniques, our project design examined the conditional and management concerns, and is providing baseline and comparative analytics for stabilization and monitoring strategy efforts. These newly collected imaging and spatial data will be used to examine areas of change and delineate areas where stabilization efforts have recently occurred. The project is a collaborative effort between researchers at the University of South Florida (USF) and the National Park Service Southeast Archeological Center (NPS SEAC).
Additional InformationLearn more
Collection Date2016-03-28 to 2016-03-30
Publication Date2020-06-22
License TypeCC BY-NC-SA
ContributorsDigital Heritage and Humanities Center, University of South Florida Libraries
CollectorsDigital Heritage and Humanities Center, University of South Florida Libraries
FundersNational Park Service
PartnersSoutheast Archeological Center (SEAC)
Site AuthorityNational Park Service
Digital Heritage and Humanities Center, University of South Florida Libraries 2020: Russell Cave National Monument - Cave shelter site - LiDAR - Terrestrial . Collected by Digital Heritage and Humanities Center, University of South Florida Libraries . Distributed by Open Heritage 3D.

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