Jaulian, Pakistan


General Attributes
DOI10.26301/9q3d-b036
Project NameJaulian
CountryPakistan
StatusPublished
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Spatial DataDownload (Links to all available data types will be emailed)
Data Bounds (approx.)

Data Types

Data Type Size Device Name Device Type
LiDAR - Terrestrial17.77 GBLeica P20 Phase Based Laser Scanner
Background
Site DescriptionJaulian was constructed between the 2nd and 4th centuries in the early days of Buddhist expansion out of the Indian subcontinent in the Ancient state of Gandhara. Centered around the confluence of the Kabul and Swat rivers in Modern day Pakistan and Afghanistan, the region attained its greatest florescence during the Kushan Kushan between the 1st and 4th centuries CE. Jaulian is part of the Taxila archeological site, home to the ruins of a once thriving ancient city and center of learning in Gandhara. It was along the trade routes of Taxila Valley that buddhism is believed to have spread. The Buddhist monastery and associated stupas of the Jualian archaeological complex shed light on the early evolution and spread of Buddhism along the Silk Road. The complex of Jaulian consists of the main stupa and twenty-seven subsidiary stupas located around the main stupa and two adjacent courts. An additional fifty-nine chapels are located around the courts and feature scenes from the Buddha's life. Several structures related to monastic life, including monk quarters, assembly hall, kitchen, and store room complete the complex. With access to land routes to the Parthian (Persian) Empire in the West, seaports along India's West coast, and the Central Asian corridor of the Silk Road, Gandhara was well situated to benefit from commercial activity. The Kushan Empire fostered commerce through cultural inclusion, borrowing characteristics of their Hellenistic, Persian, and Indian influenced subjects , which allowed them to more easily engage in trade with their neighbors. This cultural fluidity is also visible in the blend of architectural features on the stupas at Jaulian, which show Greek, Persian, and Roman characteristics within the Buddhist complex.
Project DescriptionWith a grant from USAID to create a Technology Center and help preserve Pakistan's architectural heritage, CyArk and the Lahore University of Management Science (LUMS) worked together to digitally preserve the Jaulian monastery. In 2014, LUMS students scanned the main stupa and surrounding features of the Jaulian monastery, sending the data on to CyArk to process and archive. The resulting documentation provides an accurate base map to monitor deterioration of the architectural, figural, and inscriptional works of the site. This data complements existing historical documentation and conservation materials and advances the capability for planning future preservation efforts. More information on Jaulian as well as a complete list of the other sites documented from this collaboration can be viewed at http://heritage360.pk/
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Additional InformationLearn more
Collection Date2015-11-16 to 2015-11-22
Publication Date2019-04-18
License TypeCC BY-NC-SA
Entities
ContributorsCyArk
CollectorsLahore University of Management Sciences
FundersUSAID
PartnersCyArk
Site AuthorityDirectorate of Archaeology and Museums Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Citation
CyArk 2019: Jaulian - LiDAR - Terrestrial . Collected by Lahore University of Management Sciences . Distrubuted by Open Heritage 3D. https://doi.org/10.26301/9q3d-b036

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