Benteng Iskandar Muda (F1), Indonesia

General Attributes
Project NameBenteng Iskandar Muda (F1)
Spatial DataDownload (Links to all available data types will be emailed)
Data Bounds (approx.)

Data Types

Data Type Size Device Name Device Type
Photogrammetry - Aerial6.5 GB GBDJI Phantom 4 Pro Drone
Data Derivatives0.7 GB GBNikon D5 DSLR
Site DescriptionThe site ((MAHS-IDN-ACH-ABS-MRY-S-002) is a large, well-built stone fortification near the coast on the western bank of the Krueng Raya river. The ground level is almost the same as the water level of the sea and river. It causes the land around of the site to often be submerged in water at high tide. The site is a fort-building complex, it consists of several components. There is a thick outer rectangular wall. The perimeter is fortified by two parallel walls with sand fill between them. The upper part could function as a parapet. The outer wall is equipped with embrasures - four on each side. The outer wall has an opening atop a flight of stairs leading up from the southeast. On the inside, the ground level is the same as the ground level of the outside the fort. In the middle, there is a raised platform ground level made from stone walls filled with soil. There are two sets of stairs going up from the southeast and northeast. The top of the raised platform has the remains of what seems to be a building/structure. There are two wells within the main perimeter walls in the east and south corners. All structures are built of andesite stone with lime plaster adhesive materials. This feature (MAHS-IDN-ACH-ABS-MRY-S-002-F-0001) is the main outer perimeter wall of the fortification. It consists of two parallel walls, with the space between filled with rubble and sand to create a walkway around the entire fortification. The outer wall is about 3.26 m high, while the inner wall is about 1.55 m high. The walls are made of andesite stone with lime plaster. The outer wall construction is not made perpendicular, and the top tends tilt to the inside, making the bottom of the wall wider than the top. The wall is about 4.5 m thick at its base. The distance between the outer wall and inner wall is about 3.3 m. There are some embrasures on the outer wall, four embrasure on each side, for a total of 16 embrasure. The embrasure are set at regular intervals around the wall. There is a staircase from the outside that connects with the top hallway attached to the outer wall. There is also a staircase on the inside that is attached to the southeast wall.
Project DescriptionThe Maritime Asia Heritage Survey works to systematically inventory and digitally document the endangered cultural heritage in the Maldives, Indonesia, and elswhere across the region. The materials documented through this work are critically endangered, facing both natural and human threats that jeopardize the survival and accessibility of historical information for this vital node in pre-modern global economic and religious networks at the cross-roads of an interconnected Indian Ocean world. The data made available here was collected by our Field Team using FARO Focus S350 Lidar scanner, Nikon D750 DSLR, and DJI Phantom 4 Pro drone, DJI Matrice 300RTK with ZenMuse L1 and P1 payloads.
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Additional InformationLearn more
Collection Date2021-09-07 to 2021-09-07
Publication Date2022-08-20
License TypeCC BY-NC-ND
CollectorsMaritime Asia Heritage Survey
FundersArcadia Fund
PartnersKyoto University Center for Southeast Asian Studies , Indonesian Directorate General of Culture, Ministry of Education and Culture
Site AuthorityN/A
2022: Benteng Iskandar Muda (F1) - Photogrammetry - Aerial , Data Derivatives . Collected by Maritime Asia Heritage Survey . Distributed by Open Heritage 3D.

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